Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico

Biological Control of the Citrus Blackfly in Mexico PDF
Author: Herbert Dwight Smith
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 41.44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Citrus black fly
Languages : en
Pages : 30
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Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico

Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico by Herbert Dwight Smith, Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico books,







Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico

Biological Control of the Citrus Blackfly in Mexico PDF
Author: H.D. Smith
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 27.56 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 35
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Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico

Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico by H.D. Smith, Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico books, The citrus blackfly (Aleurocanthus woglumi Ashby) is native to south Asia. It was firs discovered in the New Word on Jamaica, West Indies, in 1913. From there it spread to other West Indian islands, to Central and South America, and to Key West, Fla. It was eradicated at Key West in 1937.







Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico

Biological Control of the Citrus Blackfly in Mexico PDF
Author: Herbert Dwight Smith
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 50.76 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Citrus black fly
Languages : en
Pages : 30
View: 3265

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Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico

Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico by Herbert Dwight Smith, Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico books,







Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly Aleurocanthus Woglumi Ashby By Prospaltella Opulenta Silv In Central Western Venezuela

Biological Control of the Citrus Blackfly  Aleurocanthus Woglumi Ashby  by Prospaltella Opulenta Silv  in Central western Venezuela PDF
Author: Hugo Chavez Torres
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780530007403
Size: 61.18 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 134
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Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly Aleurocanthus Woglumi Ashby By Prospaltella Opulenta Silv In Central Western Venezuela

Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico by Hugo Chavez Torres, Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly Aleurocanthus Woglumi Ashby By Prospaltella Opulenta Silv In Central Western Venezuela Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly Aleurocanthus Woglumi Ashby By Prospaltella Opulenta Silv In Central Western Venezuela books, Abstract: The citrus blackfly, Aleurocanthus woglumi Ashby, is assumed to be a native of India, India and Pakistan, South Asia, Southern China, and Asia. Specimens were first received by USDA, Entomology, in 1910 from Maxwell-Lefroy in India. The first report of A. woglumi in the Western Hemisphere was made by Ashby in Jamaica in 1915. From here the citrus blackfly invaded other countries and now is widely distributed in the Western Hemisphere. The introduction of the natural enemies from Asia to the Western Hemisphere can be divided into 2 stages. The first stage began in 1930, with shipment of Eretmocerus serius from Malaya to Cuba, where it was successfully established and controlled the citrus blackfly. This parasite was later introduced into other countries of the Hemisphere. The second stage began in 1949, with the shipment of parasitized material from India and Pakistand to Mexico. Of the species of parasites received in Mexico, Amitus hesperidum, Prospaltella opulenta, and P. clypealis proved to be the most effective in the control of the pest and were later introduced into other countries of the Hemisphere. After being found and eradicated by means of chemical applications from Florida (1937) and Texas (1955), the citrus blackfly reinvaded Texas in 1967 and Florida in 1976. It proved unfeasible, if not impossible, to eradicate these infestations, and both are now effectivelly controlled by parasites. Parasites have provided highly satisfactory control in all infested countries where they have been introduced. When earlier control seemed to break down (Jamaica), the situation was corrected by introduction of a second species of parasite. In Mexico, where adverse climatic or cultural factors cause sporadic local outbrakes, control is reestablished by reintroducing parasite from localities where they are abundant. In Venezuela, A. woglumi was first found in 1967 at San Antonio del Tachira and was first observed in Barquisimeto in 1968. By 1974, the citrus blackfly was widespread through all the country. The first shipment of Prospaltella opulenta from Mexico was received in 1975. Additional shipments were received in June 1976, and positive evidence of establishment was obteined between June and September. Beginning November 11, 1976, egg, nymphal, pupal and adult stages of the citrus blackfly were sampled at 3 citrus grove locations. The sample procedure included standardized leaf counts for the inmature stages. Adult populations were determined by visual counts. Leaf samples included square centimeter counts and were compared with whole leaf counts in an effort to establish reliability of the less laborious square inch method showing high correlation coefficients. Mortality factors were identified in the field as well as in the leaf samples; however, the combined effect of these observed and suspected mortality factors did not prevent the increase of citrus blackfly populations when more favorable conditions returned. After the release of P. opulenta the number of dead citrus blackflies increased as an effect of parasite host feeding as well as by stinging activity of the female parasite that fails to result in parasite development. Cales sp., a native parasite, probably played an important role as a host of the male P. opulenta which develops as secondary parasite and thus hastened the establishment and colonization of P. opulenta. As the introduced parasite increased to a level having a measurable effect on the host population, Cales sp. was displaced as a parasite of A. woglumi. The increase of the P. opulenta population was followed and its impact on the host population established. Complete biological control was achieved in 18 months after P. opulenta was released in the Central- Western region of Venezuela. Dissertation Discovery Company and University of Florida are dedicated to making scholarly works more discoverable and accessible throughout the world. This dissertation, "Biological Co







Technical Bulletin

Technical Bulletin PDF
Author: Herbert Dwight Smith
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 61.84 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Agriculture
Languages : en
Pages : 30
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Technical Bulletin

Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico by Herbert Dwight Smith, Technical Bulletin Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Technical Bulletin books,







Demand For Manufactured Foods Manufacturers Services And Farm Products In Food Manufacturing

Demand for Manufactured Foods  Manufacturers  Services  and Farm Products in Food Manufacturing PDF
Author: Elton Glen Nelson
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ISBN:
Size: 27.87 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Agriculture
Languages : en
Pages : 30
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Demand For Manufactured Foods Manufacturers Services And Farm Products In Food Manufacturing

Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico by Elton Glen Nelson, Demand For Manufactured Foods Manufacturers Services And Farm Products In Food Manufacturing Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Demand For Manufactured Foods Manufacturers Services And Farm Products In Food Manufacturing books,







Cooperative Economic Insect Report

Cooperative Economic Insect Report PDF
Author: United States. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 22.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Insect pests
Languages : en
Pages :
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Cooperative Economic Insect Report

Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico by United States. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs, Cooperative Economic Insect Report Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Cooperative Economic Insect Report books,







Pesticide Certification Training

Pesticide certification training PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 37.42 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Pesticides
Languages : en
Pages : 203
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Pesticide Certification Training

Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico by , Pesticide Certification Training Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Pesticide Certification Training books,







Hearings

Hearings PDF
Author: United States. Congress. House
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 50.21 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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Hearings

Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico by United States. Congress. House, Hearings Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Hearings books,







Department Of Agriculture Appropriations For 1966

Department of Agriculture Appropriations for 1966 PDF
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 62.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : United States
Languages : en
Pages :
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Department Of Agriculture Appropriations For 1966

Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations, Department Of Agriculture Appropriations For 1966 Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Department Of Agriculture Appropriations For 1966 books,







Hearings Reports And Prints Of The House Committee On Appropriations

Hearings  Reports and Prints of the House Committee on Appropriations PDF
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 57.72 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Finance, Public
Languages : en
Pages :
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Hearings Reports And Prints Of The House Committee On Appropriations

Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations, Hearings Reports And Prints Of The House Committee On Appropriations Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Hearings Reports And Prints Of The House Committee On Appropriations books,







Agriculture Environmental And Consumer Protection Appropriations

Agriculture environmental and Consumer Protection Appropriations PDF
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations
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ISBN:
Size: 23.44 MB
Format: PDF
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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Agriculture Environmental And Consumer Protection Appropriations

Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations, Agriculture Environmental And Consumer Protection Appropriations Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Agriculture Environmental And Consumer Protection Appropriations books,







The Citrus Industry Crop Protection Postharvest Technology And Early History Of Citrus Research In California

The Citrus Industry  Crop protection  postharvest technology  and early history of citrus research in California PDF
Author: Walter Reuther
Publisher: UCANR Publications
ISBN: 9780931876875
Size: 25.98 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 374
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The Citrus Industry Crop Protection Postharvest Technology And Early History Of Citrus Research In California

Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico by Walter Reuther, The Citrus Industry Crop Protection Postharvest Technology And Early History Of Citrus Research In California Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Citrus Industry Crop Protection Postharvest Technology And Early History Of Citrus Research In California books,







Agricultural Research Service Cooperative State Research Service Extension Service Farmer Cooperative Service Economic Research Service

Agricultural research service  Cooperative state research service  Extension service  Farmer cooperative service  Economic research service PDF
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 53.63 MB
Format: PDF
Category : United States
Languages : en
Pages :
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Agricultural Research Service Cooperative State Research Service Extension Service Farmer Cooperative Service Economic Research Service

Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations, Agricultural Research Service Cooperative State Research Service Extension Service Farmer Cooperative Service Economic Research Service Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Agricultural Research Service Cooperative State Research Service Extension Service Farmer Cooperative Service Economic Research Service books,







Biological Control In Latin America And The Caribbean

Biological Control in Latin America and the Caribbean PDF
Author: Joop C. van Lenteren
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1789242436
Size: 24.99 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 551
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Biological Control In Latin America And The Caribbean

Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico by Joop C. van Lenteren, Biological Control In Latin America And The Caribbean Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Biological Control In Latin America And The Caribbean books, The book summarizes the history of biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean. Few publications provide historical detail and the records are, therefore, fragmented until now. By bringing information together in this book, we offer a more complete picture of important developments in biological control on this continent. There are a wealth of text, tables and references about the history of such projects, and which were succesful and which failed. This will help plan future biocontrol projects. An overview is provided of the current situation in biological control for many Latin American and Caribbean countries, revealing an astonishing level of practical biological control applied in the regio, making it the largest area under biological control worldwide. The final part describes new developments and speculates about the future of biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean.







Citrus Industry Of Mexico

Citrus Industry of Mexico PDF
Author: Joseph Henry Burke
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 71.84 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Citrus fruit industry
Languages : en
Pages : 68
View: 5455

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Citrus Industry Of Mexico

Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico by Joseph Henry Burke, Citrus Industry Of Mexico Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Citrus Industry Of Mexico books,







Theory And Practice Of Biological Control

Theory and Practice of Biological Control PDF
Author: C.B. Huffaker
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323142443
Size: 22.23 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 810
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Theory And Practice Of Biological Control

Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico by C.B. Huffaker, Theory And Practice Of Biological Control Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Theory And Practice Of Biological Control books, The Theory and Practice of Biological Control covers conventional biological control achievement in the major crop types and in public health problems. Composed of five sections encompassing 28 chapters, this book discusses the basic information concerning developments in other biologically based alternatives to chemical pesticides. The first two sections discuss the philosophy, theory, scope, history, and the biological and ecological bases of biological control. These sections also deal with the impact of predators and the host relationships of parasitoids and pathogens. The following section presents the methodological aspects of biological control. Discussions on the variability of natural enemies as encountered in biological control work; the fitness of individuals and populations; the ways fitness is being or can be influenced by importation procedures; and the ability of imported natural enemies to adapt to the new environment are included. The fourth section outlines the accomplishments of conventional biological control in various types of crops, forests, and public health areas. Lastly, the various components of integrated pest control other than conventional biological control that forms the essential ways used in the integrated control approach are covered in the last section of the book. This book is an ideal source for plant pathologists and researchers, microbiologists, parasitologists, and public health professionals.







The Citrus Industry Volume Iv

The Citrus Industry  Volume IV PDF
Author: Walter Reuther
Publisher: UCANR Publications
ISBN: 9780931876240
Size: 26.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 362
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Book Description:

The Citrus Industry Volume Iv

Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico by Walter Reuther, The Citrus Industry Volume Iv Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Citrus Industry Volume Iv books, A comprehensive volume on citrus diseases, biological control of insects, nematodes, and vertebrate pests, certification and registration, and regulatory measures. Color plates.







Foreign Agriculture Report

Foreign Agriculture Report PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 80.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Agriculture
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 2822

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Foreign Agriculture Report

Biological Control Of The Citrus Blackfly In Mexico by , Foreign Agriculture Report Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Foreign Agriculture Report books,