by George Alter, Family And The Female Life Course Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Family And The Female Life Course books, The tension between women's workplace opportunity and family obligation is not exclusively a phenomenon of the 1980s, as George Alter makes abundantly clear in this study. His close investigation of women's lives in a nineteenth-century European industrial city advances our knowledge in several areas of social history, historical demography, and life course studies. It is the first monograph to apply event history analysis to the study of family history. In doing so, it moves beyond the static categories of traditional household studies to a dynamic view of the influence of the family on the life course decisions of individuals. In contrast to most previous historical studies of the family, this work focuses on the dynamic aspects of life course transitions (employment, marriage, household formation, childbearing) rather than the structure of households. In doing so, attention is shifted from the household as a decision-making unit to the role of family obligations and resources in the decisions of individuals. Thus, the family is viewed “from the inside out” through its effects on individual actors. Alter's work adds new insights to our understanding of the impact of industrialization on family structure and functioning, about women's work and labor force attachment, and about the ways in which a life course perspective can help to resolve controversies in the approach to family and household dynamics. His rich interpretations not only help to reconstruct the past, but place some current social issues into historical perspective—illegitimacy, nuclear family patterns, and women's dual family/work roles, among others.
by Barbara Alpern Engel, Breaking The Ties That Bound Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Breaking The Ties That Bound books, Russia’s Great Reforms of 1861 were sweeping social and legal changes that aimed to modernize the country. In the following decades, rapid industrialization and urbanization profoundly transformed Russia’s social, economic, and cultural landscape. Barbara Alpern Engel explores the personal, cultural, and political consequences of these dramatic changes, focusing on their impact on intimate life and expectations and the resulting challenges to the traditional, patriarchal family order, the cornerstone of Russia’s authoritarian political and religious regime. The widely perceived "marriage crisis" had far-reaching legal, institutional, and political ramifications. In Breaking the Ties That Bound, Engel draws on exceptionally rich archival documentation—in particular, on petitions for marital separation and the materials generated by the ensuing investigations—to explore changing notions of marital relations, domesticity, childrearing, and intimate life among ordinary men and women in imperial Russia. Engel illustrates with unparalleled vividness the human consequences of the marriage crisis. Her research reveals in myriad ways that the new and more individualistic values of the capitalist marketplace and commercial culture challenged traditional definitions of gender roles and encouraged the self-creation of new social identities. Engel captures the intimate experiences of women and men of the lower and middling classes in their own words, documenting instances not only of physical, mental, and emotional abuse but also of resistance and independence. These changes challenged Russia’s rigid political order, forcing a range of state agents, up to and including those who spoke directly in the name of the tsar, to rethink traditional understandings of gender norms and family law. This remarkable social history is thus also a contribution to our understanding of the deepening political crisis of autocracy.
by Alice Rossi, Gender And The Life Course Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Gender And The Life Course books, Intro -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Dedication -- Contents -- Preface -- Introduction -- List of Contributors -- I Gender and the Life Course in Historical Perspective -- 1 Evolutionary Perspectives on Sex Differences in the Higher Primates -- 2 Age, Gender, and the Demographic Transition: The Life Course in Agrarian Societies -- 3 The Life Cycle, Savings, and Demographic Adaptation: Some Historical Evidence for the United States and Europe -- 4 The Demography of Life-Span Transitions: Temporal and Gender Comparisons -- II Gender Differentiation and Social Institutions -- A. Gender and Individual Development -- 5 The Psychobiology of Gender -- 6 The Subjective Experience of Life-Span Transitions -- B. Gender, Age, and Deviance -- 7 The Effect of Age and Gender on Deviant Behavior: A Biopsychosocial Perspective -- C. Gender and the Family -- 8 Fertility as an Adjustment to Risk -- 9 Gender and Parenthood -- D. Gender and the Economy -- 10 Family, Gender, and Occupation in Industrial France: Past and Present -- 11 The Work Histories of Women and Men: What We Know and What We Need to Find Out -- 12 Organizational Barriers to Gender Equality: Sex Segregation of Jobs and Opportunities -- E. Gender and the State -- 13 Gender Politics: Love and Power in the Private and Public Spheres -- 14 Women and the State: Ideology, Power, and the Welfare State -- III Gender and the Life Course in Aging Societies -- 15 Interpretive Social Science and Research on Aging -- 16 Life-Course Analysis in Social Gerontology: Using Replicated Social Surveys to Study Cohort Differences -- 17 Aging Policies and Old Women: The Hidden Agenda -- 18 Women, Men, and the Lengthening Life Course -- Author Index -- Subject Index
by Maria Stanfors, Education Labor Force Participation And Changing Fertility Patterns Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Education Labor Force Participation And Changing Fertility Patterns books, This book deals with women and socioeconomic change in twentieth century Sweden. The main focus is on how women's education and labor force participation have affected fertility over time. Although many perceive Sweden as a country where men and women hav
by Theo Engelen, Marriage And The Family In Eurasia Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Marriage And The Family In Eurasia books, This volume results from a conference on the 1965 Hajnal hypothesis at Stanford University in 1999. Scholars from all over the world reviewed the contribution Hajnal's hypothesis made to our knowledge of historical demography. First, the hypothesis is placed in its historiographic context. Geography comes next. Hajnal distinguished Western Europe from the rest of the world because marriage there was late and non-universal. By contrast, in Eastern Europe, but even more so in Asia, young and universal marriage dominated. The second part of this book explores these geographic divisions, covering Western, Eastern, and Southern Europe, Japan, India and China. The third part of the volume introduces new issues and thus revises and even extends Hajnal's hypothesis into patriarchy, the role of children, women's labor, servants, and illegitimacy. This volume is the first in the series Life at the Extremes. The demography of Europe and China edited by Chuang Ying-Chang (Academia Sinica, Taiwan), Theo Engelen (Radboud University Nijmegen, the Netherlands) and Arthur P. Wolf (Stanford University, U.S.A.). Book jacket.